Options for Treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, refers to a long-term disorder that causes recurring discomfort or pain in the tummy and irregular bowel habits. It may occur any time, but most folks first notice the symptoms at the age of 15 to 40. Irritable bowel syndrome afflicts more females than males and the symptoms are more severe in females as well.

Treating irritable bowel syndrome

Although irritable bowel syndrome has got no cure, your doctor can relieve your symptoms with a mix of probiotics, medicines, diet, and psychological therapies. You may need to try several treatments to know what suits you best. Your doctor may help you choose the best treatment plan.
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Changes in eating, nutrition and diet
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Diet, nutrition and eating changes, for instance following the FODMAP diet, might help ease your symptoms.

Medication

Your doctor can recommend medicine to ease your symptoms.

Fiber supplements may ease constipation when more fiber in a diet fails to work.

Laxatives may treat constipation. Since laxatives work in many different ways, your physician may suggest the best laxative for you.

Loperamide can improve diarrhea symptoms by slowing stool movement through the large intestine. While loperamide can alleviate diarrhea in people suffering from IBS, it doesn’t ease pain, bloating, and other symptoms.

Antispasmodics, including pinaverium, hyocine, and cimetropium help to relieve pain in the stomach as well as colon muscle spasms.

Antidepressants, like small doses of selective serotonin inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants can relieve symptoms of IBS, including abdominal pain.

Lubiprostone (Amitiza) for those with IBS-C can ease constipation symptoms and abdominal discomfort or pain.

Capsules of coated peppermint oil can ease IBS symptoms.

Always follow your physician’s instructions when using medication to treat irritable bowel syndrome. Also talk to the doctor about potential side effects as well as what to do in case you have them.

Probiotics

You physician may also recommend priobitics, the microorganisms or tiny live organisms that may be visible only via a microscope. These tiny organisms, in most cases bacteria, are like those normally seen in your digestive tract.

Studies have revealed that consuming sufficient amounts of probiotics, particularly bifidobacteria and some probiotic combinations may alleviate IBS symptoms.
Psychological therapies

Stress, depression, and anxiety may trigger IBS symptoms, so managing these issues may help.

There are some mental therapies that may be applied in treating IBS.

CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy), involves recognizing and dealing with negative ways of thinking by finding other ways to act and think.

In hypnotherapy, the patient is led into a relaxed state by the therapist so they can relax their stomach muscles and alleviate pain and bloating.

Counseling can be a vital part of treating stress, anxiety, depression and related symptoms.

Relaxation therapy/meditation may help reduce stress.
Be sure to talk to your physician so they can find you the right treatment for IBS.